THE UNITED STATES ACCEPT:
Childless married couples
Married couples with children
Same sex couples
A HISTORY OF ADOPTION IN THE US
Our “history” with the United States is recent.
COFA was accredited by the Mission de l’Adoption Internationale on 5 March 2015. Adoptions from the United States are managed by the Marseille Committee.
National adoptions, which are very widespread in the United States, follow two distinct procedures: “Open adoptions” and “Closed adoptions.”
Open adoptions aim to entrust very young children, as adoptive parents are selected by birth parents. A relationship can be maintained between children and their biological family.
Regarding closed adoptions, these involve children who have been placed in homes as part of the federal “Foster Care” programme. These children have been removed from their birth parent families and in most cases, are older children, who often have siblings and may have health conditions.
The agreement between France and the United States stipulates that only children placed in the “Foster Care” programme may be proposed for adoption.
It must, however, be noted that in recent years, some European countries have adopted very young American children via open adoptions.
To date, no adoptions of American children by French couples have been successful. Differences between our countries require a few adjustments and agreements remain to be found.
As the situation may evolve, changes will be updated on our website.
Children are granted dual citizenship.
The Hague Convention of 29 May 1993 on child protection and cooperation on international adoption entered into force in the United States on 1st April 2008.
A delegation from the Marseille Committee COFA has visited the United States on two occasions. In 2015, meetings with various adoption agencies and with the French Consul in New York City made it possible to sign three-year partnership with an American adoption agency.
Two “pilot” applications were sent. However they were not successful due to a lack of coordination between French and American laws.
Our AAA remains nonetheless mobilised to see future applications come to fruition.
Despite high demand, we are currently unable to accept applications.
Our action involves supporting adoption applicants prepare their project and application.
Adoption is open to married couples, singles, and in only several states, to homosexual couples.
It should be noted that American authorities have set forth strict criteria, including:
- A perfect command of English
- If possible, a connection with the USA
- In addition, applicants must follow mandatory adoptive parenting preparation sessions, offered by American social workers.
- Followed by mandatory adoptive parenting preparation sessions for applicants, given by COFA—Marseille Committee volunteers (a psychologist and a social worker).